The integers from 1 to 500 are written on a blackboard. Two
students A and B play the following game: the students alternate
deleting each one number. The ends when only two numbers are left. The
winner is B if the sum of the two numbers is divisible by 3;
otherwise the winner is A. If A starts, does student B
have a winning strategy?
Prove that there are no a,b Î \mathbbN, and
k Î \mathbbZ such that (15a+b)(a+15b) = 3k.
Let \triangle ABC be inscribed in a circle k of radius
R. BL and CM are the angle bisectors of ÐB and ÐC, respectively, and line LM intersects the arc AB not including
C in K. We draw KA1^BC, KB1^AC and KC1^AB,
where A1 Î BC, B1 Î AC and C1 Î AB. Let x be the
distance from L to the sides BA, BC and y be the distance from
M to the sides CA, CB. Prove that
[1/KB] = [1/KA]+[1/KC]·
Let f:\mathbbN® \mathbbR be a function such that
f(1) = 3 and
for all non-negative integers m,n with m ³ n. Find f.
2 Selection Examination for Junior Balcan Math Olympiad 2001
Four men are standing at the entrance to a dark tunnel. Man A
needs 10 minutes to cover the length of the tunnel, B needs 5
minutes, C needs 2 minutes and D needs 1 minute. They have only 1
torch which must be used by anyone crossing the tunnel. Moreover, at
most two men can cross at the same time the tunnel using the
torch. Find the shortest possible time needed for the four men to go
through the tunnel.
Prove that there are no integers x,y,z which satisfy the
x4+y4+z4-2x2y2-2y2z2-2z2x2 = 2000.
Let ABCD be a quadrilateral with ÐDAB = 60°,
ÐABC = 90° and ÐBCD = 120°. The diagonals
AC and BD intersect in M, and BM = a, MD = 2a. Let O
be the midpoint of AC. Draw OH^BD with H Î BD, and
MN^OB with N Î OB. Find the area of ABCD.
Find all positive integers N which are perfect cubes not
divisible by 10, such that dropping their last three digits results in
another perfect cube.
3 Selection Examination for the International Math
Let k be a circle, and P, Q - points on k. Let M be
the midpoint of PQ, and A and C - points on k such that AC
passes through M. ABCD is a trapezoid with k as its circumcircle
and AB||CD||PQ. Prove that AD and BC intersect in a point X
independent of the choice of A on k.
Find all integers n for which the polynomial p(x) = x5-nx-n-2
can be written as a product of two non-constant polynomials with
Prove that there exists a positive integer N such that the
decimal representation of 200N starts with the sequence of digits
An equilateral \triangle ABC of side 1 is given, and S
denotes the set of all points lying in its interior or on its
boundary. For any M in S, a(M), b(M) and c(M) denote the
distances from M to the sides BC, CA and AB, respectively. Let
Let n be a positive integer. Show that if a and b are
integers greater than 1 with 2n-1 = ab, then the number
ab-(a-b)-1 is of the form k·22m, where k is odd and m
is a positive integer.
Prove that for a convex pentagon all its interior angles are
congruent and the lengths of its sides are rational numbers, then the
pentagon is regular.
Let a,b,c > 0 such that a+b+c ³ abc. Prove that
a2+b2+c2 ³ abc Ö3.
A cube of dimensions 3×3 ×3 is divided into 27
congruent unit cubical cells. One of these cells is empty and the
others are filled with unit cubes labelled in an arbitrary manner with
the numbers 1,2,...,26. An admissible move is the moving of a
unit cube into an adjacent empty cell. Is there a finite sequence of
admissible moves after which the unit cube labeled with k and the
unit cube labelled with 27-k are interchanged, for each
k = 1,2,...,13? (Two cells are said to be adjacent if they share a
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